breakfast rolls, 42 grams each

Just a small preview before a year-end bread in review.  A major focus of my bread baking is about scale and  the adaptation of larger recipes for a small family, 2/3 of which needs to pay close attention to portion control.  These little rolls also exemplify baking on a busy schedule.  Being in work by 6:30 with a hot nugget of fresh bread to go is pretty cool.

These are made from an enriched dough:
unbleached white (Montana Sapphire) 300 g
water 180 g
sugar 5 g
salt 5 g
ascorbic acid (vitamin C,* pinch, more on this later)
soybean oil 15 g
Fleischmann's fast yeast (3 g/1 teaspoon)
... mixed, kneaded and refrigerated in a plastic bag for a few hours.  I removed 250 g of the dough, rounded it in 50 gram mini boules covered with an inverted roasting pan lid and allowed it to proof on the deck table overnight ca. 35F/10 hours.

The next morning, the baking sheet,  proofed rolls and inverted baking pan lid was placed in a cold oven set to 425F (not preheated) and let em go for 35 minutes while I got ready to go.  At the end of the cycle, I removed the lid and them bake an additional 5 minutes.

*Vitamin C (unequivocally identical to ascorbic acid) at ppm levels has been a crutch for bakers for years.  I'll have more on this in a later post. I believe it affords a greater range of textures and taste.


stir fry

The other night we joined @feedmybeast and family for dinner at Lucky Dragon and I got pushed over the edge.  I've wanted to try high temp wok cooking for a while but was a little intimidated by cooking at such high temps.  Those woks fired by high pressure propane cookers look pretty intense, I figured I might just incinerate dinner.

Forging ahead with my recent experience of briquette-fueled searing, I went to Crestview Market and got my cheap steel wok, steel spatula (perfectly contoured to the wok) and got to work.  I washed it and baked it in the oven for a few hours.  Far from seasoned, I had to start somewhere.  I decided on veggie and pork fried rice.  Simple seasoning: pork marinated in soy, sesame oil, Sriracha, ginger and garlic, veggies chopped, a couple eggs and cold cooked basmati rice all ready for sequential frying - in that order. To the outdoors!

Fuel: a 3.3 lb bag of Matchlight.  And to all the Matchlight haters, if this stuff is fully ignited, there's no residual fuel.  At greater than 1,000°F while glowing, if you think you're tasting lighter fluid,  you're wrong.  After this was lit,  I placed my wok holder (came with the oven) and wok atop the fire and let it warm up with the Matchlight (see action shots).

And that's it.  My pan went from an initial 800°F (using an IR thermometer) when I dumped the pork and marinade in for about a minute, removed it and then waited until the pan recovered to about 500°F before the next ingredients went in.  One veggie after another until the rice.   My only disappointment is the recovery from food being dumped out to 500°F took too long.  Next time, I'll use briquettes to start the fire and then short pieces of oak/ash to maintain a live fire the entire cook, this should make the recovery a little faster.

 Ignition and preheating.

 Each vegetable that went in got a tiny squirt of canola oil and then stir fried.  Then it was dumped into a waiting bowl.

 The final dish.  I may have added too much oil during the sequential additions and I think I fried the rice a little too long, but next time ...


the joy of searing

There are cooking methods incompatible with my desire to keep the kitchen clean.  Deep frying is one and searing, at blisteringly proper temps, is another.  They need to step outside.  Last night I wanted to sear/blacken some tilapia for fish tacos.  My usual prep is to cover both sides of the fish with salt, pepper and paprika.*  I let them sit prepped at room temp a while and preheated the pan.

I  use my grill most often as a smoker I also use it for a simple hot surface for fast searing (and flatbreads).  It's pretty simple and fast enough for a weeknight dinner.  I use a small pile (ca. 2 lbs) of Matchlight briquettes; light 'em and stick a cast iron pan on top while they light.  Vents on the bottom of the kettle should be full open no cover.  One time I place a perforated aluminum sheet on top of this flame, the ones used to cook vegetables, and it disintegrated.  Matchlight is intense.  If properly lit, there is zero detectable "lighter fluid smell," at this temp, it's impossible.

The ignition and preheating takes about 10 minutes.The surface of the cast iron according to my spiffy infrared thermometer is about 550F +/- 50F.  Then I ready my filets, squirt the surface with some oil (I used a low grade olive oil for this case, something that wouldn't flash so quickly) and toss on a couple  filets for a minute per side.  Cooked at this temperature, the food won't stick, it'll practically leap off the surface.  A couple images of the action:

When the flames die down and the coals are red hot, you're ready to cook.  No need to measure the surface temp of the pan, I just measured to put a number down for this post.

This is a couple  filets after a minute on each side.

*The paprika should not be the pathetic stuff from that little red can.  If it's from an Indian grocery store, should be fine.


roasted french lentil sprouts, good snackin'

I stumbled on something fun.  Roasted legumes are nothing new, the roasted chickpeas in Mediterranean markets are common although I find them chalky and unpleasant.  I roasted some cannellini and limas in the past (the limas are only fair).  In this version, I try lentils and take the pre-processing a step further, sprouting prior to roasting.

I've been making sprouted french lentils in hopes of putting them into a bhelpuri.  Once I had the sprouts in hand, I couldn't resist giving the tiny lentil a light low temp roast. 

French lentils were soaked for 4-8 hours, the water drained and the moist lentils allowed to sit a few days loosely covered.  Here's the sprouting after a day and after about 3 days.

click on this image, the big version is awesome!

Then I salted the moist lentil sprouts and tossed them in a roasting pan with a spritz of canola spray to roast at 300F until the sprouts shriveled and started to look like spiders.  Given their diminutive size,  I bet they burn fast.  I didn't time the roasting,  but it was only about 20-30 minutes.  After cooling, they're crunchy and tasty, not chalky and gooood.  Enjoy.

(I showed these first to Frankie.  She said when I retire I'll be a mad scientist.)


skinning tomatoes

Our ample supply of tomatoes this season came from our neighbor!!!  He wanted to grow them more than consumer them, win-win.  At the end of the season we had a huge bag of green ones.  I used a few to make a sofrito for the freezer and left the rest in a shopping bag.  A week later I noticed they were beautifully red!  I'd do anything to avoid skinning a tomato by boiling/shocking, etc. 

I'm not sure where I read about this method, so I'll just say I made it up myself and thought I'd share it with you.  Fast, no boiling, little waste. 

Cut the tomato to expose an unskinned surface, grate on a box grater, the skin stays behind.  I froze the ground insides.



Gnocchi is about the potato.  It is not pasta. I played with these last weekend and had some luck.  The general consensus for ingredients is a pound of baked potato (flesh only), an egg, pinch of salt and 1 C flour.  Here's a few shots of my second attempt.  I used 550 grams baked potato flesh (russets baked at 425 for an hour and scooped out while warm), 2 eggs, 1/2 t salt, and 3/4 C flour.

The baked potato and don't toss the skins! Rebake the skins and top them with stuff for a separate meal.  A friend of mine uses yukon gold for gnocchi but my preference is the russet.

I plopped the potato on the counter, made a well and dropped my scrambled eggs inside.

In order not to work the dough too much, I used my trusty spackle knife.  I cut in the eggs...
Sprinkled flour on the mass and cut in the flour using the spackle blade.  Once the flour was cut in, I'd squash the mass a little, cut it in half, stack the halves and squash them lightly again.  No real kneading, just pushing it all together.  It's more of a biscuit dough than anything else I can describe.

The dough was cut into little chunks, shaped into a small cylinder, rolled in some flour and *gently* rolled into a rope.  This dough is sticky!  Use flour as needed to make it not stick in order to get the rope.
With the tines of a fork, crimp the rope like the edge of a piecrust and then chop into small sections.  My gnocchi look like chex.

A few more ropes about to be scored and cut.

Toss these in the freezer to prevent them from being sticky.
Dump in gently boiling water to cook.  When they rise to the top, they're done.  I served them with ham, peas, olive oil, salt, pepper.

In retrospect, I should not have crushed the potato so much, a more coarsely crumbled potato gave a better gnocchi (taste and texture) and I would've used the full 1.2 C of flour this amount of potato would've called for. 


no knead

Everyone's got a version of no knead.  This is mine.  I'll annotate the images later.
(@tokatefromkate @twixlen @feedmybeast - next class?)

In a plastic container add water (400 g), unbleached white flour (500 g), salt (10 g), active dry yeast (I prefer Fleischman's, may not make a difference for this, 1 teaspoon), olive oil (or some kind of fat,  10 g).  Mix with spoon,  should be like a tough batter.  Place container in fridge for up to a week.

Remove from fridge and let warm a couple hours while still in container and then plop it out onto counter.  It will be a lot tighter than it went into the fridge.  Dust liberally with flour.

Pound out all the accumulated gas and fold into a loaf.  Plop into a pan that is lined with parchment paper (my paper should've been bigger and up the sides).  This pan should have a matching lid.  I used this pan from Amazon, it's perfect for this 2 lb loaf.  This pan is being used instead of the more pricey Baparoma steam pan and will work better.

Let rise an hour or two.

Cover pan, place in oven, turn on oven to 425F and remove after 40 minutes.  Boom! On cooling the exterior will crackle.  The microenvironment of the closed pan is what makes the rise / oven spring and subsequent cooling with crackling.

The crumb is lovely and the crust will vary depending on lots of things.  Just try it and keep trying it.  It's a great bread.  It might be one of the most fun loaves I've ever made.

So why is this different than anything else out there?

1. Ruhlman commented somewhere the beauty of Lahey's kneadless method wasn't the no knead, it was the cooking method.  A bread encapsulated in a pan using the moisture released from the bread itself as a self regulating bit of steam to get the surface gelatinized and browned.  I'm not sure where I read this, but the pan need not be preheated nor must it be cast iron.  A preheated cast iron pan is not the safest system either.  So, this method is a hybrid of all things convenient: no knead, no preheating, no cast iron.

2. The number of large loaves I'm going to make is next.  A small fraction of the grain bill, ca. 10%, of whole wheat tightens up the dough immensely.  It's really interesting.  I can't wait to try other additions: more shortening, herbs, cheese, crazy stuff.  I'm really letting my hair down on this.


Columbus Brew Adventures: Downtown Tour

I stopped brewing beer some time ago.  It was like baking bread while living in France.  Columbus is home to many excellent breweries leaving the enthusiastic beer drinker with a desire to explore.  Columbus Brew Adventures is in business to help.  I decided to try their Downtown Tour to start my education.

Our flight at Seventh Son

The tour was a blast!  We had about 14 in our party including a couple from Cleveland, a business traveler from Chicago and a bunch of locals.  This tour was on Saturday afternoon from 2 - 5:30 pm and comprised 4 stops:

1. Columbus Brewing Co. We started with a tasty flight of their popular ales including Bodhi, which  has been crazy popular since its debut.  Bodhi is going to break some kind of record in Columbus for popularity, very hoppy with a not too bitter finish.  That's all I'm saying, go try it.  We also got to enjoy a liberal selection of tasty treats from the kitchen, it was a fantastic brewery to get started with.

2. Barley's Brewing Co.  A personal favorite of mine for years.  I was excited to learn a lot more during the tour than I had visiting and sampling beers on my own.  We showed up and were shuttled to the basement (itself a rare destination) to see their shiny fermenters and receive our tasting from Angelo Signorino.  Angelo is a dynamic guy who is passionate about his beer.  His discussion of yeast and beer styles was worth the price of the tour.  His combination of organoleptic and analytical evaluation of yeast over more than 20 years in the business is impressive.

3. Seventh Son Brewing Co.  Next, our most capable tour guide gently herded his (more relaxed) flock to Seventh Son.  I've sampled their  American Strong Ale at Crest a couple times and couldn't wait for this stop.  It is a raw facility with the fermenters and cooker shimmeringly clean and juxtaposed to a wide open space where happy people enjoyed their ale.  Colin, their master brewer, walked  us through the brewing process (including giving us a nibble of some malts) and providing a representative flight of their brews.

4. North High Brewing.  They currently brew on a smaller scale than the other breweries we toured, but the equipment is located in the center of the bar!  In my experience, that's unique.  They also allow individuals to visit and brew their own under their tutelage and using their equipment.  A few more samples and some history of the building in Short North made this stop quite special.

I hope I haven't said too much; these tours are new.  I had such a good time and wanted to share some of the experience.  Our tour guide was informed, the duration of the tour very good and the pace was perfect, plenty of samples and snacks, I loved it all and look forward to learning about and sampling more of the brew scene in Columbus via the other available tours.


Extracting sugar from corn, to malt or not

Let's say one wanted to extract fermentable sugar from corn.  Is it worth it to malt it first?

I took 300 g organic feed corn and covered it in water for two days, drained it, kept it moist by rinsing it a couple times a day and allowed it to sprout (see image below).  Then, I spread the sprouted corn on the concrete floor of my basement for a couple days until the kernels lost most of their moisture and looked like they did when started (only with sprouts hanging out of them, I couldn't determine residual moisture).  I did not pull off the rootlets and ground up each batch using a corona mill.  I then ground up some unmalted feed corn from the same bag and infused each of them in 1000 g of 170F water.  I stirred both suspensions several times during the hour and filtered off the solids via mesh paint strainer bag with no rinsing of the grain bed.

malted corn prior to drying

Sugar determined by refractometer.
Malted: obtained 806 g of solution with 7.5% w/w dissolved sugar, 60 g sugar.
Unmalted: obtained 730 g of solution with 4.0% w/w dissolved sugar, 30 g sugar.

For some reason the unmalted absorbed more water resulting in a smaller filtrate volume.

Pretty big difference.  The malting takes a lot of time, but almost no effort.  If you need this kind of sugar for a project, I'd do the malting.  With unmalted corn, it could be cooked for a long time to get more starch out, but then it gets gummy and difficult to filter.  I simple infusion is operationally easier.


Carried through the streets with my soap on a rope medallion bathed in a ticker tape shower of CheezIts

Before the weight of the world came crushing down squarely on my shoulders, there was a time when I was fun and carefree.  High school in Summer,  I used to hang out at the beach from morning until 3ish - I worked 2nd shift at a greyhound racetrack.  All day long, a friend of mine, Rick Sanchez, and I would bask at the beach and bronze ourselves for the ladies.

Our precious stash of money was reserved for a Kelly's roast beef sandwich and if the opportunity was available, we'd steal more cash to get fries with that.  Mostly poor, our entertainment came from our own idle minds.  We'd crafted images of ourselves high atop the beach wall as sun gods wearing shiny gold medallions like kings.  In lieu of a gold medallion and perhaps fueled by a beverage we managed to find, or get someone to find, we believed soap on a rope would suffice.

Next to a Kelly's roast beef sandwich, CheezIts were our next favorite food on earth; we created scenarios in which the salty savory treat was society's currency.  We envisioned many poker games in Vegas and how we'd play our tasty chips.

Donned with soap on a rope, standing in the sun, elevated on the beach wall with a big  handful of CheezIts was an image we yearned for and reserved for only our most supreme accomplishments (getting into a bar under aged, conversing with the bikini-clad, etc.) and it's a vision I carry with me now that symbolizes a less burdensome time and a symbol of accomplishment.

Yesterday I baked, with intention, some crackly-surfaced breads: crisp, caramel colored, tasty, a work still very much in progress, but the result was worthy of celebration.



Having recently been a chaperone for a fifth grade field trip, I was able to learn more about the complexities of the lunch period.  In kindergarten and 1st grade the kids still comply with the no sharing/trading of food from their lunch.  As they mature they discover their lunch has value greater than they realized; e.g., lunch items can be used to "buy" M&Ms (or as Frankie called them enimens)!!

Knowing the difference between absolute and relative value of your child's lunch items is they key to your success when preparing these meals.

General Guidelines for the Kid Lunch
1.  Small items are good.  If the item is good, they get to eat some and trade some.  Smaller items are even better.

2. The food better look good.  One speck of fat shows up on a piece of chicken and it'll be as popular as anthrax.

3. Lots of items in a lunch is good, it's a kid's version of tapas and it goes for appetizers, main part of the meal and dessert (see tradeability above).

4. I use portion containers a lot, 2 oz *capped* are convenient and about 9 cents each.

5. Plain old savory snack bags:  chips,  CheezIts, etc. are like gold on the trading table. Never know, they may trade for something healthier. 

Suggestions (in progress)
1. Celery sticks and individual peanut butter dipping cups.  Kids will eat the celery and share dips, so this is where colds come from.

2. Little slider buns are great for any kind of sandwich, again, the tradeability factor is high, fill with:

  •  peanut butter and nutella (jelly will sog, so opt for a homemade uncrustable).
  •  Oscar Mayer has a really good real roasted, not extruded turkey, been a big hit this year
  •  FAT FREE ham, little bits of exposed fat are NOT good on kid ham

3. Biscuits with a honey to dip on the side. Biscuits have been a big hit this year.  I make them in the morning.  One for b'fast, two for lunch.

4. Chicken skewers.  This is easier than it sounds.  A few chunks of chicken breast (marinated/brined) on a short bamboo skewer, peanut sauce is available already made in an Asian market.  I make them the night before and fry them on the skewer in the morning.

5. Candy.  I often buy a couple boxes of theater sized candy at the supermarket and divide into portion cups (and hide them) for a small dessert.

6. Raw veggies and ranch is a great lunch.  Carrots, sugar snap peas, sliced jicama, celery, no cooking!

7. Beef / Pork / Turkey jerky!  My girl went through a big phase of this, but it didn't last long.  I think it inevitably became out of favor when the first kid said it looked like poo.

8. Rice rolls, or grocery store fish-free sushi.  These are a big deal with the more sophisticated kids.

9. Cheese!  A piece of cheese, some bread sticks, ham pieces and a raw veggie, not bad and easy to prepare.

10. Fried chicken drumsticks from the grocery store hot food section has been an intermittent success this year.  They get to room temp by the time they're eaten, yum!

11. I use cupcake papers to line a small container, and place cut meats, cheese and crackers in them to make a lunchable.

12. Nutella minis! These go with everything or they can eat them neat.

actual scene of an actual lunch in progress - it's crazy


fried flounder

I think I'm the only person in the world who likes Guy Fieri's Diners, Drive-Ins & Dives.  He finds some of the best from-scratch diner food ever.  Columbus has some supreme eats, but there are still too many bars serving expensive shit bar food, more locals should watch this show.

The only problem is the preps fly by too fast to take notes, but the other night I snagged a simple one: beer batter.  1 x 12 oz beer (I used Bud), 1C of flour and 2T salt and mix.  Coat the fish with a dusting of flour, dip in the batter,  let excess drain and pop it in the fryer.  I used peanut oil at about 375.  Really crisp and the coating was not too thick, a really nice save for some mediocre frozen fish.

And for some good local fried fish, catch @jarsloth's review today on Marino's in Grandview!


Biscuits, bacon and cheese, prepped night before

So school lunch season is upon us. A ham/bacon & cheese biscuit is a fun alternative to the traditional sammich. The night before, I prep: 210 g flour, 2t b pwdr, 4 g salt and cut in 70 g sweet butter and place in fridge. Tomorrow morning, I'll preheat the oven 450F, toss in shredded cheese (cheddar) and ham or bacon, add milk, barely mix and slam out a few biscuits. I can usually get them out in about 30 minutes after waking up. A good prep for the morning.

Here they are:
 Milk, bacon, cheese added and lightly formed into a rectangle and cut with a pizza cutter into little squares.

Final baked biscuits after 15 minutes at 450F.



I don't often post about what I ate last night, but this is too easy and immediately became part of repertoire of fun, fast and excellent meals.  I can't believe it took me so long to make it.  I didn't do a thing different than what is explained in this recipe.  My only contribution in this post is I actually made it thus validating the prep.  Go make this, it's wicked good.

A couple action shots:

 I covered the braised pork for about an hour to make it pull easier.  Also in this image are all the fixins.  The assembly of the pho: -> noodles, meat, toppings (thai basil, cilantro, onions, carrots, peppers, soybean sprouts, etc) followed by broth makes the dinner especially fun.  It reminds me of the fun of assembling our own tacos.  Trish and I get to make ours hot and spicy and Frankie made hers mild.

Note that carrots were sliced extra thin.  The broth in this isn't so hot it could cook the carrot, but if slivered, it's not too tough for the soup raw.  What a meal!


Crackling crust experiment, failed.

Trying to make the elusive roll like the one on the right, and this baguette, I explored a boundary high humidity condition which was to be followed by dry baking.  I used the Baparoma which, in this case, is used like any poaching pan would be, and cooked a risen roll on top of the stove, much like bao would be made (catch that foreshadow).

Here's some images, 100 g dough balls, steamed 5 full minutes in heavy steam on the stove top (using a patch of parchment), then popping them into a 425F convection oven.  Although they came out nice and shiny, no crackling mosaic of a crust.  Still an interesting run.  Check out the middle image.  Pretty good rise of the steamed bun compared to the uncooked and proofed roll.

Click any of the images to enlarge.

 Dough balls, 100 g each, risen and ready for the stovetop steam tray.

 Steamed and shiny on the right, plumes of steam pouring off it.

After about 10 min in a convection oven at 425F.  Tasty, nice interior, but chewy crust like more like a bagel than a crackly roll.

Last night, I steamed a full 10 minutes with the same result. 

I'm trying this again with a lower temp dry oven.


crackly crust

(click to enlarge, CLICK!)
Bringing this post back to the top because it is one of my biggest obsessions in life.  I can't make it happen again.  Baparoma or not.  The right one is ethereal and elusive.  Damn you!  I'm returning to my philosophy MOOC to try to make sense of the world now.  Back in a while.

Original Post
Left derived from unbleached white 300 g, water 180 g, salt 5 g, Fleischmann's rapid 3 g.
Right is all that +7 g Crisco.  100 g dough balls cooked in a Baparoma with NO water in lower pan at 425F for 10 min covered and 10 min uncovered.  Pretty damn earth shattering wouldn't you agree?

The curious reader of this site will ask, why didn't I do this before?  The parameters at a glance: dough recipe (lean, but fat containing or not), bake on a sheet / tile / pan / steam pan / steam pan with or without  water in the reservoir, oven temp, convection or not, bake one loaf at a time or many, ingredient brands, etc.  It's more complicated than the several ingredients.  There are many combinations of the parameters to explore.

From here? repeat this, then baguette/batârd shape, try to move away from Baparoma steam tray given its limiting size (one small loaf at a time) - instead using a simple inverted dome moisture trap variant, evolve to sourdough-derived doughs baked like this, maybe explore other fats.


Mini lunch rolls/boules, the daily grind

I think it's in Silverton's La Brea book and plenty other places I've read about baking fully proofed formed loaves of dough right out of the fridge.  My fear was always the moisture built up inside while cooking would behave so differently than the exterior, a dense middle might result.

Time for some small risk taking.  We're in production mode: both off to work early, kid to school, and the city school lunch belched forth from whatever disgusting organization that sleeps with Columbus Public Schools is turning out disgraceful options.  So, we need good food prepared fast for lunches.

Little fresh breads, whether for sandwiches or dipping in nutella are versatile for Frankie (and for our dinners as well, the little round is a cool mini soup bowl).  So here's a quickie prelude to a series of posts on rapidly cooked breads with lots of flavor from slow fridge fermentation.

My first attempt made use of a typical lean dough, 65% hydration with a 2.5% oil enrichment, it's a versatile dough for us.  This dough happened to have aged in the fridge 3-4 days.  Last night I took it out, rounded 4 x 50 gram lumps and let them proof in the fridge overnight.  Next morning, I tossed them my Baparoma steam pan in a cold oven set for 425 F, 25 minutes covered and 10 uncovered and boom! Hot rolls.  A couple tossed in to the lunch bag loosely swaddled in a  paper towel so they could cool properly and I'm pretty sure they might be eaten first.

Some action shots: click to enlarge images:

dough balls rounded on the cover of a plastic container, the bowl gets affixed to the lid and dough can rise during the night with no contact, but still  prevented from drying out in the fridge.

The dough balls this morning.  A little flour dusted on them to prevent sticking to the pan.

 Note the dimpled surface of the bread.  Although I use a full yeast charge on this dough,  several days in the fridge result in a dough with some sourdough features.  The several day aging with full yeast is an interesting hybrid method between a straight, rapidly rising dough and a slow starter-derived dough.

Upcoming posts on this:  scale up, making about 16 of these at a time and using a regular half sheet aluminum pan for baking.  With more minis in at once, the overall humidity should be high enough to not have to use the Baparoma.  



This is a little something different.  I used a prep Trish uncovered from a French video.  It uses a full charge of yeast, no sourdough/poolish/starter/chef/levain or anything like that but does have a delayed fridge rise.
Here it is in short note form:
flour 1000 g
water 700 g
mix, knead briefly, let sit for an hour (autolyse)
add salt (17 g) and yeast (Fleischmann's rapid) (7 g) and knead (machine)
let rise in fridge 12+ hours
let warm a couple hours at RT
portion into loaf size (in this case 425 g x 4)
round the dough and let rise about 2h
dock and bake in 450 convection oven for 10 min
turn oven to 350F for additional half hour


focaccia or pizza

I'm not sure what differentiates a focaccia and pizza, especially in the states.  Ultimately, I don't care.  Here's a few shots of a focaccia I did recently and instead of a traditional salt and rosemary, I let my hair down and went nuts.

 About 1100 grams of 67% hydration dough (after a slow rise) enriched with milk, some olive oil and a little sugar.  Plopped in a 11 x 17" sheet liberally lubed with olive oil and allowed to ooze out to fill it.

 With wet fingers, I pushed it out the edges and dimpled the top.

 Some caremelized onions.

 A skim of tomato paste applied with an oil-moistened brush.  Then topped with shredded provolone, reggiano and a trace of coarse salt.  The top was drizzled liberally with olive oil.

Baked on a sheet at 375 for about 25 minutes.  Check out how cloud like the intereior is. Not sure if this a pizza, focaccia, sicilian style sheet pizza, but it's killer.  If you make one bread in your life, you need to make this.  It's a straight dough recipe (toss in everything at once).
Milk 100 g
Water 300 g
Olive oil 50 g
salt 10 g
sugar 10 g
unbleached white 600 g
Fleischmann's rapid yeast 7g
Spin it in a dough machine, let rise a couple hours, round it, plop it in a 11 x 17" sheet pan, proceed as above, add anything you want.  let rest about a half hour, top it, bake at 400 about 40 minutes.


burger buns, happy bday America

Don't let your choice 80/20 chuck lie atop a soggy carbohydrate mess. Make these.